Job Tyler/Mary Horton

Job Tyler/Mary Horton

August 24th, 2011

JOB TYLER (1617-1700)

MARY HORTON (1619-        )



      YEAR CAME TO AMERICA:          1633-1638

   FAMILY MEMBERS ON SHIP:          Job age 16


Job Tyler was christened 12 Oct 1617 in Cranbrook, Kent, England.  His parents were Laurence and Dorothy Tyler.  In a deposition of 1659, his age is stated as “about 40 yeares.”  This information we know because Job’s father, Laurence’s will it names son’s Job, John, Moses, and daughters Rebecca Page, and Mary Potter.    We also know that Laurence had land in Cranbrook and Staplehurst.

At the age of 16 Job was sent to Virginia, around the year 1633. He lived at one time or another in Mount Wollaston, Andover, Roxbury, Mendon and Boxford, Massachusetts.[1]

Mary Horton was born to Thomas Horton son of Joseph Horton.  Her mother is unknown for she was born around 1620.   In The Pioneers of Massachusetts it is said that in 1661 Job was about 40 years and his wife was the same age.

In the Pioneers of Massachusetts it says that Job, husbandman, at Mt. Wollaston (now Quincy, Mass.) in 1637 settled at Andover.

The first known of Job Tyler in this country may be found in the Rhode Island Collections, p. 92, as follows: “Inhabitants admitted at the Towne of Nieu-Port since the 20th of the 3rd 1638 . . . Job Tyler.” No other person of this name is known except the Job Tyler who appeared soon after in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. From the same authority (p. 24), we learn that a “Widow Tyler” in the same year, 1638, was one of the 54 who received lots out of Roger Williams’ tract in Providence. In 1640 (p. 31, Ibid.), she was still a widow but was more fully described as “Joan” and signed the “Compact.” The author was inclined to think she was a relict of a brother of Job Tyler, though Savage says she was “possibly his mother.” There was an early John Tyler who died in Portsmouth, R. I., in 1700, whom the author took to be a near relative of Job. He founded a line of his own which has a place in this history, known as “The Rhode Island Line.” [2]

We find Job Tyler in the Haverhill, Mass in the census of 1640.  There is also a Dudly Tyler.  Job’s value is 180 in doll’rs

Job Tyler is said to have been found in Andover, Mass., by the first colonists there, a solitary squatter, about 1639-40; the earliest dates of the settlement of Andover are conjectural, as the town records before 1650 are lost, and the records of the church which have been preserved date from 1708. A few years later he was in Roxbury, Mass., as witness the following from the old records: “11 month, 1 day, 1646, Lambert Genry hath liberty to sell his Land beyond the mill Creeke to (???) Tyler of Roxberye.” (Dedham Town Records.) “1646, Month 1, day 28. A lit infant also a twinn of Job Tilers dyed.” (Roxbury Church Records.) He soon returned to Andover, for March 5, 1650, “Jobe Tyler of Andover” mortgaged property there to John Godfrey, the beginning of trouble for Job and others.

1650–Job’s Mortgage, mentioned in Boxford History. Also Andover Rec., Book iv, p. 8.

Witnes these presents. that Jobe Tiler of Andover in ye county of Essex, doth acknowledge himselfe to be owing & indebted unto John Godfry of Newbury in the Said covnty, the full & just some of Sixteene pounds to be paid to him the said John Godfry. the one halfe, viz: the eight pounds in good merchantable wheat at fowerer Shillings p. bushell & ye other halfe in like good & merchantable rye at three Shillings & Six pence p. bushell, the payment to be made on the first of March come two yeare next after this date, to the which payment well & truly to be made. the said Jobe Tyler doth binde himselfe, his heires, executors, administrators & assignees firmly by these presents, and hereunto hath sett to his hand, this fift day of March, 1650. The said Jobe Tyler doth bind over his house & land & three cowes, in further assurance for his performance of this bill; wch house and land & three cowes, Scituate in Andevour aforesd, the said Jobe Tyler shall not anyway dispose of, from ye Said John Godfry, directly or indirectly, by letting or selling, according to ye tenor purport and true intent of these presents.

witness                                      JOBE TYLER.
Richard Barker.
Joana Barker.

Also from Andover Rec., Bk. II, p. 1, the following:  18 Apr 1662

Know all men by these presents, that I Job Tiler of Andover, in the covntye of Essex. have given, granted, Sovld and Sett over vnto John Godfry of the Same Towne and covntye, my dwelling house in which I now dwell, with a barne and land about it. Contenining twenty five acres, be it more or less, both broke up and unbroke up, as it is fenct in with a logg fence and rayle fence. also two parcells of meddow one of them lyeing about halfe a mile from the said plow land by a pine swamp, the other parcel of meddow lying about a mile off; both of the sayd parcells of meddow being granted and layd out for nyne acres, the latter parcell lying by the meddow of John Rvss, together with the fences & appvrtenances belonging to it. To have and to hovld all that my said house, barne land fences and appurtenances, and the two parcells of meddow unto him the Said John Godfry, his heirs and assigns forever. In witness whereof I the sd Job Tiler have herevnto sett my hand and Seale, the 18th of Aprill, 1662. The condition of this bargaine and Sale is Svch, that whereas the Said Job Tiler hath Signed and delivered three Several bonds vnto John Godfry aforesaid which bonds were written by Anthony Svmerby at one tyme, but payable at three Severall tymes: if the Said Job Tiler shal well and truly Sattisfie and pay or cause to be Sattisfied and payd, the said three bonds vnto the sayd John Godfry his heirs, execvtors, or assignees. according to the tymes of payment as they shall become dew, according to the true intent & meaning thereof, that then this above Said bargaine and sale to be voide and of none effect, or elce to remaine and abide in full force. Strength and virtve.

Signed, Sealed & d.d.          (An autograph signature)
in the presence of us.                [With a seale.]
Robert Lord.
Mary Lord.

Job Tiler acknowledged this his act & deed before me.

April 18: 1662.

Job had much legal trouble in Andover.

We find in 1658 that a charge was brought against John Godfrey of witchcraft and the accuser and principal sufferer from his “wiles” was Mary, wife of Job Tyler. This accusation was brought in connection with a law-suit against Godfrey and the accusation was not established. One annalist calls Godfrey “this hard-bitted money lender” and hints that there may have been some cause for the bitterness shown by the Tylers toward him. This was a day of superstition, and although the delusion of witchcraft had not attacked the community as a whole, a little deposition in which Job’s family joined against Godfrey shows the temper of the time. The “deposicion” although sworn to in 1659 was brought forward in 1665 again, and reads as follows:

“The Deposicion of Job Tylar aged about 40 yeares, Mary his wife, Moses Tylar his son aged between 17 and 18 yeares and Mary Tylar about 15 yeares old. These deponents witnesse, that they saw a thing like a bird to come in at the door of their house, with John Godfrey, in the night, about the bigness of a blackbird, or rather bigger, to wit, as big as a pigeon and did fly about, John Godfrey laboring to catch it and the bird vanished as they conceived through the chinck of a joynted bord. . . . This was as they remember about 5 or 6 yeares since. Taken upon oath of the above four mentioned ptie this 27, 4, ’59, before me, Simon Bradstreet.

“Owned in Court 7 March, 1665 by Job Tyler & Moses Tyler, E. R. Sec.

“Owned in Court 13 March ’65 by Mary Tyler on her former oath. E. R. Sec.”

Drake, in his Annals says: “It is very reasonable to suppose that the evidence against Godfrey was of too ridiculous a character to be seriously considered and that he was discharged.”

Other legal trouble arose in connection with Thomas Chandler of Andover, to whom Job had apprenticed his son, Hopestill, and which bargain, for some reason, Job desired to dissolve. He went to the house of Nathan Parker, where the signed instrument was kept, and took it from the house in the absence of Mr. Parker, thus giving rise to much hard criticism. The matter was a cause of long controversy for over ten years and was carried from court to court. Finally Job lost the suit and the decision or “award” was that as Job was poor he should not be fined above six pounds, but the following penalty was imposed:

“We do order that Job Tyler shall nayle up or fasten upon the posts of Andover & Roxbury meeting-houses in a plain legible hand, the acknowledgement to remain so fastened for the space of 14 days, it to be fastened within the 14 days at Andover and to-morrow being the 27th of January, 1665 at Roxbury. . . .”

This confession and acknowledgment was as follows:

“Whereas it doth appear by sufficient testimony that I, Job Tiler, have shamefully reproached Thomas Chandler of Andover by saying he is a base, lying cozening, cheating knave, that he hath got his estate by cozening in a base reviling manner & that he was recorded for a liar & that he was a cheating, lying whoreing knave fit for all manner of bawdery, wishing that the devill had him, Therefore I Job Tiler doe acknowledge that I have in these expressions most wickedly slandered the said Thomas Chandler & that without any just ground, being noe way able to make good these or any of these my slanderous accusations of him & therefore can doe noe lesse but expresse myselfe to be sorry for them & for my cursing of him desiring God & the said Thomas to forgive me, & that noe person would think the worse of the said Thomas Chandler for any of these my sinfull expressions, and engaging myself for the future to be more carefull of my expressions both concerning him & otherwise and desiring the Lord to help me soe to doe.”

Job has a parting blow from Godfrey in 1661-62, in a suit regarding wheat for which Job owed him, and the œ5 demanded included going to Salisbury to fetch the writings out of the court.

In 1662, three years before the above penalty was given by the court, Job had paid his last minister’s rate, 10 shillings, and had shaken the soil of Andover from off his feet. Not only had he not been popular with some of his neighbors, but something had occurred to cause him to give up his holdings in Andover, and in one case, that of Godfrey, no consideration is named in the instrument.

1662. 9mo. 21. (Salem Rec., Bk. II, p. 58.)

Know all men by these pr’sents, yt wee Job Tyler of Andevor, in ye County of Essex, husbandman, & Mary Tyler wife of ye sd. Job Tyler for & in consideration of ye svme of ten povnds, tenn shillings alredy paid unto us in hand in a horse; have sold & doe by these pr’sents bargaine & sell unto Thomas Abbott of the same towne & covntie, all that twelve acres of land of mine, being in Andever aforesd, & bounded on ye northwest with the high waie going to Little Hope, one ye southwest with ye lott of Steven Osgood, on ye southeast with the high waye to Bilreky; to have & hould ye said land unto the said Thomas his heires & his assignes forever, together with one acre & halfe of pr’vilidg in ye comon, that is not yeat granted. he ye sd Thomas paying unto the minister six shillings by ye yeare. so long as this waye of rating remayne, & we ye sd Job & Mary Tyler due hearby covenant & pr’mise, to & with ye sd Thomas Abbott his heires & assignes. yt he ye sd Thomas, his heires, executors, administrators & assignes, shall & may qvietly & peaceably in joye the sd land, with out any lett, trouble or molestation, by us or either of us, our heires, executors, administrators or assignes, or by any other p’son or p’sons whatsoever, lawfully clayming by or under us, or them or any of them. In witnes whereof, wee the sd Job & Mary Tyler, have sett our hands & Seales, this tenth day of June in ye yeare of our Lord, one thousand, six hundred Sixty & two, & in ye fowerteen yeare of ye raigne of our Soveraigne Lord, King Charles ye second, King of England, Scotland, France & Ireland.

JOB TYLER & his seale.
Sealed & dd             the mark — of MARY TYLER & seale.
in the pr’sence of
Edward Faulkner.
George Abbott Junr.
Job Tyler acknowledged this his act & deed & Mary his wife did fully resigne her thirds in the lands herein conveyed before me.


1662. 9 mo. 21. (Rec., Bk. I, p. 58.)

Know all men by these pr’sents yt wee Job Tyler of Andever, in ye covnty of Essex, husbandman & Mary Tyler wife of ye said Job Tyler, for & in consideration of ye sume of twenty nine pounds fifteen shillings alredy pd unto us in hand by George Abbott, tayler of ye same towne & countie, have sold & by these pr’sents doe bargaine & sell. unto ye sd George Abbott, his heires & assignes, one house lott, containing by estimation fower acres, be it more or less, lying & scittuat in ye towne of Andever aforesaid, & bovnded on ye north with ye lott of Richd Sutton, on the south with ye lott of John Aslett on ye east with ye common, on ye west ye high waye; and alsoe a p’cell of land more, containing by estimation two acres, be it more or less, being & scittuate in Andover aforesd, & bounded on ye east with ye high waye, on ye west with ye land of John Fry Senr, on ye south with ye land of John Aslett, both which said house lott & p’cell of land, wee ye sd Job & Mary Tyler due hearby acknowledg to have sold, unto ye sd George Abbott, together with my dwelling house thereupon, & oarchard & all ye fences belonging thereunto, reserving & keeping unto myselfe all pr’vilidges, rites, titles & interest in all lands & meadows alredy granted, only I ye sd Job & Mary Tyler due herby acknowledg to have sold unto ye sd George Abbot, together with ye sd land, one acre pr’vilidg in ye common not yet gravnted or laid out, all which sd lott, land, house, oarchard, fences & pr’vilidg, wee ye sd Job & Mary due acknowledg to have sold unto ye sd Georg to have & to hold to him, his heirs & assignes forever, and wee ye sd Job & Mary Tyler due hereby covenant & p’mise to & with ye sd George Abbott his heires & assignes yt he ye sd George his heires, executors, administrators & assignes shall & may quietly & peaceably enjoye ye sd lott, land, house, orchard, fences, & pr’vilidges, without any lett, trouble or molestation by us or either of us, our heires, executors, administrators or assignes, or by any other p’son or p’sons whatsoever lawfully clayming by or under us, or them or any of them, in witness whereof wee ye sd Job & Mary Tyler have sett our hands & Seales, this tenth day of June, in ye yeare of our Lord, one thousand, six hundred Sixty & two. & in the fowerteene yeare of ye raign of our Soveraigne Lord, King Charles ye second, King of England, Scotland, France & Ireland, alsoe ye sd George is to pay unto ye minister fower shillings by ye yeare, soe long as this waie of rating remayne.

JOB TYLER & his seale.
Sealed & delivered                       ye mark of
in ye pr’sence of                   MARY X TYLER.
Edward Faulkner.
Thomas Abott.
Job Tiler acknowledged this his act & deed & Mary his wife resigned her third in ye lands herein conveyed, before me

June 11: 1662.                DANIELL DENISON.

1662: 12 mo. 14.

Know all men by these pr’sents, that I Job Tyler of Andevor, in ye Covnty of Essex, husbandman, have & by these pr’sents due alienate enfeofe & confirme, unto John Godfrey, all my lands, meadow & upland together with ye oarchard & all ye buildings and edifices, & all other privilidges with yt appurtenances therevnto belonging, sett, & being in ye towne of Andover aforesd, together with all other lands & accomodations that at any time heareafter. Shall or may be allotted unto ye said Joab Tyler, or any other p’son or p’sons, for. by. or under him, all ye said land & meddow aforementioned, alredy in ye possession of ye said Job Tyler, is bovnded & limitted in manner & forme following, that is to say, on ye east side joyning to ye Common land, and soe likewise are the other three sides, all wch said land & meddow, contayning by estimation forty acres more or less. To have & to hould all ye premises, with ye apurtenances unto ye sd John Godfery, his heires & assignes forever, to ye only use & behoofe of ye sd John, his heires and assignes forevermore. And ye sd Job Tyler doth by these pr’sents p’mise & gravnt, to & with ye said John Godfery, that he ye sd John, shall & may freely & willingly occupy, possess & injoy ye aforesaid lands & pr’mises, with all & every ye appurtenances thereunto belonging, without any lett, disturbance, ejection, eviction or contradiction, of him ye said Joab, or any other p’son or p’sons, for, by or under him, claiming any right, title or interest, clayme or demand thereunto.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto sett my hand & Seale, the eight & twenty day of Avgust. Anno. Dom. 1662.

Sealed & delivered                             & his seale.
in ye pr’sence of
William White.
George Abbott seniyr.
Job Tyler acknowledged this writing to be his act and deed before me Aug: 29: 1662.

Mary Tyler did surrender up her thirds or interest of dowry, in ye houses & lands hearby conveyed before me

November 12: 1662

Doubtless Job never intended to return to Andover, when he set his face toward Roxbury once more and probably the horse, for which he had bargained his 12 Andover acres, accompanied him.

The year 1665 was to prove an eventful and unpleasant year for Job. In January the court decided against him in his suit against Godfrey and, as shown in the foregoing deposition he had to take back, in a public manner, his accusations against Chandler’s character. To get even with his Andover foe, Godfrey, he and his family again take oath in court to the old deposition of 1659 in March 1665.

In Roxbury, or rather in or near the present town of Natick, Job again gets into trouble, as the following document will show:

“Sept. 11, 1665. Owannamang Indian Chiefe, neere Marlborough complained of Job Tyler of Roxbury for cutting and carrying off hay from his meadows. Fined 2 shillings and six pence, and cost 10 shillings. Attested by me, Daniel Gookin,” September 22, 1665, John Eliot (the Apostle to the Indians) certified that Job Tyler had paid.

At some period after his migration from Andover to Roxbury in 1662, Job went to Mendon, and he is among those who drew lots in June, 1671, “for dubling of their houselots.” But previous to this he had some controversy, in 1669, with both town and church authorities in Mendon. Therefore we find that:

“July 14, 1669 the Selectmen mett and ordered to send to the Constable to Summon before us Job Tyler the next fryday at one of the clock, at Gregory Cook’s house, to answer his contempt of our orders, and alsoe why he refuses to worke aboute the Selor [cellar] at the Minister’s house, at yt tyme ye Constable Retourne his answer to us. . . . July 16. The Selectmen met accordingly and the said Constable made his Retourne that he had warned in Job Tyler before us. his answer was he could not nor would come, but if the Selectmen had more to say to him than he to them they might come to him. Upon this answer of Job Tyler’s the Townesmen Resolved to make their complaint to the Magistrates of his contempt of several of the Selectmen’s orders and of his Miscarriages of the Lord’s Day & at Publique assemblies if he doe not Submytt, wch he did not.” (Job was a true descendant of that primal irrepressible family rebel, Wat Tyler, “Kentish man,” of England.)

Job must, however, have possessed some of the graces of human nature, for his shortcomings were readily condoned. On the following “December 1st,” he is “on the list,” helping to confirm (in his humble way) Rev. Joseph Emerson, the first settled minister of Mendon. Later comes entry (in as formally dignified tones as the accusation):–“Whereas there has been complaint against Job Tiler heretofore recorded, he has given satisfaction for that ofence.” After this date we hear no more of Job’s controversies.

In 1676 the birth of one of his grandchildren was recorded in Roxbury, and he may have returned there on account of King Philip’s war, as Mendon was burned and the inhabitants fled.

“When the outbreak of King Philip’s war came, everybody buried the pewter plates and the brass kettles in the swamps, loaded the . . . horses with the precious feather beds and children and . . . simply ‘skedaddled’ to safety . . . Neither red nor white brother let Job rest. . . . In 1680 he is living in Rowley Village with all the other good kickers against Rowley taxes, and Moses and old Goodman Tyler are duly inspected to see if they go to church.” (Miss Charlotte Abbott’s Annals of Andover.)

In 1680 Job was in Rowley Village and he may have been in Andover in 1681, but in 1688, 1689, 1691 and 1695 he was paying minister’s rates in Mendon. The last item credited to Job is of a deed to his son Moses of land in Mendon. This is dated 1700 and is recorded in the Boston Registry of Deeds, Book XX, p. 127.

Job Tyler to Moses Tyler.

To all Christian People to whom these presents shall come Job Tyler of Mendon in ye County of Suffolk in the Province of ye Massachusetts Bay in New England sendeth Greeting. Know ye that I the above sd Job Tyler for & in Consideration of the Sum of Sixty Pounds of Current money of New England to me in hand paid by Moses Tyler of Andover in the county of Essex in ye Province aforesd the receipt whereof I the said Job Tyler doth acknowledge & myself herewith fully satisfyed contented & paid and thereof & of every part & parcel thereof Do exonerate acquit & discharge the said Moses Tyler his heirs Exectrs admtrs & assigns & every of them forever by these presents. Have given granted bargained and sold, enfeoffed & confirmed, and by these presents do fully clearly & absolutely give grant bargain sell aliene enfeoffe & confirm unto the said Moses Tyler his heirs and assigns forever One house lott Containing fifteen acres of Land be it more or less, scituate lying & being in ye Township of Mendon aforesd which said Lott with five acres of ye doubling lot or 2nd Division of Land belonging to said Lott, being Twenty acres more or less is Bounded Southerly upon the land of Saml Tyler of Mendon deced, northerly upon the Land of Ebenezr Reed, easterly upon a brook commonly known by the name of Muddy Brook. & Westerly upon the house lott of Jno Moore Deceased now in the Possession of Samuel Moore. Together with all the buildings, roods, trees, lying standing or growing upon the said Lands, with all other allotments of lands & Meadows thereunto belonging wch are already granted or yt shall be hereafter granted or thereunto accrue or grow, due by dividend or otherwise, with all rights, libertyes priviledges commons or commonage thereunto belong–or appertain–wth all & singular the appurtces unto the said premises or any part of them belonging or any ways appertaining, and also all ye Estate right title interest use possession property claim & Demand whatsoever I the said Job Tyler have of or into the premises with their appurtces. To have and to Hold the said house-lott containing fifteen acres beit more or less lying & being in the township of Mendon as it is bounded with all other Divisions of Lands Divided or undivided in whose hands or possession soever unto the said Moses Tyler his heirs & assignes forever and to yearly proper use & behoof of him the said Moses Tyler his heirs & assigns forever. And the said Job Tyler doth hereby Covenant promise grant & agree to & with the said Moses Tyler, that he the said Job Tyler was the true & proper owner of the said bargained premises with their appurtces at ye time of the sale & alienation thereof & had full power good right & lawful authority to grant & Convey all & Singular the bargained premises with their appurtces unto ye said Moses Tyler his heirs & assignes forever in manner & form aforesd and yt the said premises are free & clear & freely & clearly acquitted exhonoreated and discharged of & from all manner of former grants bargains sales gifts titles leases mortgages suits attachments actions judgmts & of & from all other titles troubles charges incumbrances whatsoever From the beginning of the world to the time of the bargain & sale hereof. And yt the said Moses Tyler his heirs & assigns & every part & parcel thereof shall quietly have, hold use occupy possess to his & their proper use & behoof forever, and if I will well & truly defend ye premises from any manner of person or persons from by or under me claiming any interest in them or any part or parcel of them forever, whereby the said Moses Tyler his heirs or assigns shall or may be molested in or evicted out of the possession of the same. And I the above sd Job Tyler doth for myself my heirs, Extrs & assigns Covenant & promise to & with the said Moses Tyler his heirs & assigns that upon lawful demand I or they will or shall do & perform what may be further in law necessary to be done for the sure making the title tenour of the premises according to the true intent & meaning of these presents. In Witness Whereof I the said Job Tyler have hereunto set my hand & fixed my seal this 27th day of November in ye year of Our Lord 1700 & in ye Twelvth year of our Sovereign Lord William of England, Scotland, France & Ireland King.

JOB TYLER S his mark & a Seal.
Signed Seald & delvd ye day & year above in ye presence of us Saml Reed Senr Benjamin Wheelock, John Lovet.

Job Tyler personally appeared before me the subscriber one of His Majtys Justices for ye County of Suffolk & owned this instrument to be his Act & Deed. Decembr 14ø 1700

Recd to be recorded Janry 10th 1700-01 & accordingly entered & examined per Ad’ton Davenport Reg.

The land was granted by Moses Tyler to John Farnum of Andover (Hopestill’s son-in-law who was afterwards of Mendon), for œ61, 8 July, 1701, signed by Moses Tyler. Witnesses Thomas Barnard and Benjamin Barker. Acknowledged before Dudley Bradstreet, 2 May, 1706, Addington Davenport, Registrar.

In these old records we thus have a word-picture of this ancestor of a long line of Tylers, such as hardly has been found of any other American immigrant. Professor Henry M. Tyler has said of him: “He was a rude, self-asserting, striking personality. Not to be left out of account in the forces which were to possess the land.” There are but few high-lights in the picture; the shadows are all there. He did not, as Professor Tyler said, “learn prudence very fast, but he was himself. . . . He had a good deal of individuality and he gave utterance to it at times with more vigor than grace. He did not shape his words to suit sensitive ears. He resented dictation and found it hard to restrain himself from what he wanted to do through any prudential policy.” Yet, when you shall read hereafter what manner of men his sons and grandsons were and what they stood for in all the places where they lived; as you come down through the years, generation by generation, and see what thousands of his descendants have stood for in their homes and before the public, in peace and in war, as pioneers and as dwellers in the cities, you will realize that there must have been good stock in the old man; and he trained a family to be useful and honored in the communities where they dwelt. Superstitious, wilful, hot-tempered, independent and self-reliant Job Tyler lives and breathes in this record nearly three centuries after his time. He did not have saints to live with; were all the truth known, it would be seen that he was on a par with a large proportion of his neighbors. The Puritan iron rule, which made no allowances for any man, met a sturdy opposition in this possible descendant of Wat Tyler of England, and it is now too late to determine whether or not he was always justified. From this old canvas there gazes steadily out, not an ideal but a very real personage, an out and out Yankee type.

It had been suggested that the progenitor of so many thousand men and women, covering the greater part of three centuries which have passed since the early voyager set his foot (the first permanent one) upon Andover soil, should be honored by some fitting monument, since none was in existence. Accordingly, in response to written appeal, numbers of the clan joined their “mites,” to thus honor their forebear, and the memorial was dedicated at the sixth Tyler Reunion, September 4, 1901. The spot selected was beside the grave of the immigrant’s eldest son, Moses, whose ancient slate slab, with its legend of “1727,” has survived with wonderful completeness. Here, under a giant evergreen, upon a cubic yard of cement and cobble stones which was brought just to the surface of the ground, was placed a large hard-grained boulder, brought from the old Tyler farm (now known as the Woods place), four miles distant in West Boxford; a homestead which has known Tyler blood and heirship uninterruptedly from the first generation, when it was acquired from the Indians, to the present day.

Upon the boulder was securely riveted a bronze tablet, cast in Boston, which bears the following legend:–






Dedicated by his whole clan, Sept. 4, 1901.

The dedicatory address was delivered by Prof. Henry M. Tyler, of Smith College.

The eldest child was born in Roxbury or Andover as was probably the third; the fifth and sixth in Roxbury; the others are uncertain. They were:

Moses born in 1641/2, Mary born 1643/4, Hopestill born 1645, a child born and died 28 Jan 1646, (“1646, Month 1, day 28. A lit infant also a twinn of Job Tilers dyed.”–Roxbury Church Records) Hannah born 1648 and died 1693, John born abt 1650 and died 28 Sep 1652 at Andover, John born 16 Sep 1653 and died 4 may 1742, and Samuel born 24 May 1655 at Andover and died 17 Dec 1695.

Job’s death is nowhere recorded. It is conjectured that he died in Mendon and was there buried, but no proof is at hand to confirm the supposition. He married Mary Horton. It has been thought by one of the descendants of Job engaged in research that she may have been a widow Horton, but the proof of this statement has not been forthcoming. She was dismissed to the church in “Mendham” from the church in Roxbury on the 28th day of the third month (May), 1665. Her birth and death are unrecorded so far as present research has gone.

In 1671 he was among those who drew lands in Mendon, Massachusetts, but left that town with the others when threatened by the Indians in 1676.  He was in Rowley Village in 1680, and paid ministers’ rates in Mendon in 1688-9, 1691, and 1695.  In 1700 he deeded land in Mendon to his son Moses, signing the deed with his mark.  He probably died soon after this.  No record of his death and no burial place have been found.  He was a man of strong individuality and of somewhat pugnacious nature, as indicated by the records of many disputes with his neighbors and the selectmen.  Yet he seems to have been a man of many redeeming qualities, and the pardoning of his transgressions are also made a matter of record.


The Tyler Homestead in West Boxford, Massachusetts

Known as the Tyler-Wood house, and “Witch Hollow Farm”[3]

The Tyler Homestead in West Boxford, Massachusetts, is the earliest home known of the Job Tyler family. Job, the first Tyler known in America, came to Boxford in 1640 and was one of the very first settlers in the community of Boxford. The first Tyler home was built on a tract of land at the corner of Ipswich Road and Main Street. The hearth of that very early structure is still in the rear of the large white house, sometimes known as the Boxford House.

The oldest part of the house is the dining room, and was built (1694?) by Moses Tyler (#2), son of Job. Moses had come to clear land and establish a farm, and likely Job lived and worked with him at least for a few years. Moses was probably involved with the construction of the barn and the stone wall still remaining on the property, and in some ways the barn should be considered as predating the house. Moses had an earlier dwelling on the property, but it has long since been demolished.

The main house was built by Captain John Tyler (#11), probably with the assistance of Moses, who was in his 80s at the time. A good description of the work during this period come from Volume I of The Descendants of Job Tyler (p. 41).

The house at present standing (that is, the rear part) was built by Moses’ son, Captain John Tyler, probably about the time of Moses’ death, 1727. Some “bricks” have recently been found buried in the present driveway, which would appear to locate the old fireplace of Moses at a few rods to the east of the present dwelling (1666?): and it is not at all unlikely that when the first house was abandoned for purposes of living, it continued to be used as a storehouse, until it finally passed off the scene in decay.

…Captain John’s “rear rooms” are very well preserved and quaint, being quite low-posted, with heavy beams exposed to view, and the poem of a cozy fireplace…

The second portion of the house was joined to the first in 1748, when Gideon (# 72) was married. Gideon passed the house on to his son, John (#272), who was married in 1791. However, Gideon’s will said rooms had to be set aside for Gideon’s sisters, Mehitable and Anna, who never married. Two rooms with chimneys were constructed in an ell plan specifically for them, where they lived until both died in 1833, when they were in their eighties.

John’s daughter, Mehitable, married Captain Enoch Wood, a sea-captain from another prominent Essex County family. Their daughter, Rebecca Wood, who never married, moved into the Boxford House and lived in it until she died in 1918, giving it the name of Tyler-Wood House.

Arthur Pinkham, a Tyler descendant, learned this was his ancestral home at a meeting of the Whiting Club, a social fraternity, and then read about it in Volumes I and II. Both Mr. Pinkham and his wife had ancestors in the family ten generations back. He went to see it, and bought the property with 120 acres in 1929 for $11,000. The structure was not in good condition, and the Pinkhams began making many necessary interior alterations and gradually did much of its restoration. Many antique artifacts came with the house. For instance, they found an oaken hand-loom older than one on display at Williamsburg. A wooden keg was found in the Tap Room which had the initials of Gideon Tyler.

The biggest problem for the Pinkhams was there was not water in the well for modern plumbing. When he explained to a neighbor the only problem with the property was there was no water, his neighbor replied, “Why, that’s the only thing the matter with Hell!” They put in an artesian well, which created the lovely pond now found on the property.

The house and barn are historically significant not only because of their important Tyler history, but also because of their age and integrity architecturally. The logs used for the walls were so hard they couldn’t be drilled through to install electrical wiring. The windows still have shutters that are built into the wall, so they could be closed from the inside in case of Indian attack. The interior horizontal paneling is the oldest form found in New England, and is referred to as “thumb and feather” design.

The barn also is a very important structure historically, and at one time was the largest barn in the country. The structure is as it was when originally built in the 1600s. The floor is made of solid wood planks 14 to 16 inches wide. When recent owners needed to replace some of them, they had great difficulty finding boards wide enought to match the original.

After the Pinkhams, the Tyler Homestead property was sold to Edward French in 1958, the first owner who was not in the Job Tyler lineage. In 1970, it was purchased by David and Audrey Ladd. The Ladds continued much of the restoration work, including cleaning of the walls and chimneys and exposing the original surfaces. Audrey Ladd also did much toward recording the history of the place, and was the first to refer to it as Witch Hollow Farm, a name given because of its association with the Salem witch trials. Boxford’s witch, Rebecca Eames, was the sister of Prudence Blake, who married Quartermaster Moses Tyler. Rebecca claimed in court that she had been bewitched by the Devil in the hollow through which Ipswich Road runs. Some of the hangings are said to have taken place at the back of the property. Also, the spirit of Mary Tyler (#3), sister of Quartermaster Moses (#2), is still said to inhabit the house 300 years later.

The property was then purchased by the Rich’s in the 1980s. In 1997, it was designated as a historic site and the house and the remaining farmland were split. The farm was designated as a conservancy preserve and the house was bought by Lawrence and Tina Morris, who give it loving care.








[1] The Descendants of Job Tyler since 1619 by Charles R., Norma L., and Norman R. Tyler FHL 929.273 T971

[2]  The Descendants of Job Tyler the First Generation.  Family Tree maker.





3 Responses to “Job Tyler/Mary Horton”

  1. […] Job Tyler 1617/Mary Horton […]

  2. sandra Barnett says:

    I am related to Job Tyler br my grandfather Archie Ricard Tyler. Enjoyed reas about the history of my mother’s family. Her,name is Avoca Tyler. Married Lee Roy Holmes.

  3. Joni Walsh Jones says:

    Job Tyler is my 14x Grandfather on my mother’s side. My mother’s name is: Rose Duncan Walsh, her father Richard F. Duncan was married to Bernice A. Tyler, daughter of: John Keyes Tyler & Nettie Boocock (Babcock/Bowcock-it’s been recorded in each of these spellings). I am amazed at how HUGE our Tyler family is & I hope to see the Tyler homestead someday soon.

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